Preventing and Treating Stomach Bugs

Preventing and Treating Stomach Bugs

Preventing and Treating Stomach Bugs in the Elderly

At any given time, approximately 1% of the U.S. population over the age of 65 will fall victim to some form of stomach bug. For many people, getting a stomach ailment is simply frustrating, but some cases can lead to serious complications and even hospitalizations in the elderly who are at a higher risk for confusion and dehydration.

Read below about how to prevent and treat stomach bugs to help keep your loved ones safe.

Stomach Bugs

Children and the elderly are typically most at risk from complications caused by gastroenteritis — also known as the “stomach bug.”

Primary symptoms include:
• Chills and fever
• Diarrhea
• Headaches
• Pain in lower abdomen or stomach
• Vomiting

The most common types of stomach bugs are caused by:

Food Poisoning
You can get food poisoning when you eat food that has gone “bad.” Unfortunately, it will not always be obvious when food has been contaminated. Some common bacteria that can cause an upset stomach include:
• E. coli
• Salmonella
• Shigella

Norovirus
Norovirus is a stomach infection also known as Norwalk. The virus is spread by being in contact with a sick person, eating contaminated food or water or touching a contaminated surface. Norovirus is easily spread through group settings like daycares and nursing homes. Click HERE for some tips on Norovirus prevention.

Parasites
Even in developed countries, people can get intestinal parasites or worms in their guts. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention reports that millions of people in the United States are living with a parasite.
Some of the most common parasites are:
• Giardia
• Pinworms
• Roundworms
• Tapeworms
• Toxoplasmosis (from contact with cat litter)

You can pick up a parasite from any contact with contaminated food or water or with stool that contains the eggs.

Usually not the subject of polite conversations, these symptoms are often hard to discuss with our elderly parents. That’s why it’s so important to know how to manage symptoms and prevent the stomach bug in senior loved ones.

Ways to Prevent Stomach Bugs in the Elderly

The number one rule for preventing stomach bugs is to: be careful what is put in the mouth! Most bacteria, parasites and viruses enter the digestive system through the mouth.
To reduce exposure to stomach bugs, use these tips:

Keep the digestive system healthy
Most stomach bugs are caused by “opportunistic” germs. This means that when the body is stressed, tired, and weak, the germs take the opportunity to make the body sick. The healthier and stronger the digestive system is, the less likely you are to get sick. Avoid foods that weaken the body and feed the system with foods that are high in nutrition. Highly processed foods that contain large amounts of sugar will feed the germs and make them stronger. Fresh, whole foods will feed the body and allow the body to fight off infections.

Washing hands!!
Make washing hands a part of everyday life. Think about where the hands have been and what they have touched before they come near the mouth.

As we age, the immune system becomes weaker. This makes it harder to fight off infections and can lead to more serious complications. The elderly also tend to have less stomach acid in their bodies. Stomach acid is nature’s way of killing the germs that make it into the stomach.

Ways to Manage Stomach Bug Symptoms
Stomach bugs can start very suddenly and cause severe vomiting and diarrhea. If your parent or senior loved one is frail, living alone, or weak, they are vulnerable to not being able to get help.

Your loved one will need care and lots of liquids to prevent dehydration. If your loved one has diarrhea or is vomiting, make sure that they are drinking electrolyte-replacing beverages and extra fluids. Offer small amounts of fluid (2-4 ounces) every half an hour.

If your loved one is showing any signs of dehydration, you will want to get them to a medical professional right away.
Look for:
• Confusion
• Dry mouth
• Feeling faint
• Not urinating regularly or urine is dark in color
• Unresponsive
• Sunken eyes and no tears

Being sick and having a stomach bug is a horrible feeling. You can take the best care of your parent or senior loved one by ensuring they receive lots of rest, plenty of care and regular fluids. Then…don’t forget to wash your own hands diligently and keep yourself healthy too!

Four Easy New Year’s Resolutions for Seniors

Four Easy New Year’s Resolutions for Seniors

The start of a new year often inspires us to make much-needed changes in our lives and offers the opportunity for a fresh start. For seniors who want to improve their physical and mental health, the start of a new year signifies the beginning of possible positive change.

Whether you prefer to set small goals for yourself or approach each new year as an opportunity for complete life “makeover,” here are four simple resolution ideas to help you kick-start the new year.

Resolution #1 – Make Healthier Food Choices

When it comes to senior nutrition, eating fresh fruits and vegetables that are rich in nutrients is the best way to go. Eating fewer processed foods and more fresh foods will make a huge difference in the way you look and feel.

Start by eating more fruits, lean meats, whole grains and vegetables and…gradually increase your consumption of these nutrient-rich foods over time, while decreasing your intake of less healthy alternatives.

It’s also important to monitor your sugar intake as not all sugars are created equally. Consuming natural sugar as found in fruit and lactose can be beneficial and actually help to stabilize your blood sugar and make you feel fuller longer. As the name implies, added sugars are processed forms of sugar, like syrups, that are added to certain foods when they’re being made. Because these sugars are processed and not natural, they’re not as good for your body.

Another important part of a healthy diet for seniors is Omega-3 fatty acids — commonly found in olive oil and fish. The heart-healthy nutrient has been known to reduce the risk of developing heart disease and other ailments. It may also protect the brain. To get enough Omega-3 in your diet, substitute fish for other meat a few times each week or talk with your physician about opting for an Omega-3 dietary supplement.

Resolution #2 – Re-Establish Old Connections

It’s not always easy remaining close to friends and family who don’t live right down the street. Fortunately, there are many resources you can use to revive your neglected relationships. One of the quickest ways to reconnect is with simple phone call. Sending a “thinking of you” card or letter is also a nice way to keep in touch. If you’re technologically savvy, social media sites like Facebook make it exceedingly easy to stay connected with friends and family from all around the world.

Resolution #3 – Remain Mentally and Physically Active

As we age, it is more important that we keep active — both mentally and physically. The more you use your mind, the better it will work. Read. Do crossword puzzles. Play cards. Try Sudoku. Socializing also gives your brain a boost, so strike up a conversation with your neighbor, finally make that phone call to your friend you’ve been putting off or join a discussion group at your local library or senior center.

Physical activity can be safe and healthy for older adults — even if you have heart disease, diabetes, or arthritis. In fact, many of these conditions get better with mild to moderate physical activity. Exercises such as yoga, water aerobics, walking, and stretching can also help you control your weight, build your muscles and bones, and improve your balance, posture, and mood. Remaining both mentally and physically active is vital to maintaining your health and can help to reduce the risk of developing dementia in the future.

Resolution #4 – Be Proactive About Fall Prevention

One in every three older adults falls each year and falls are a leading cause of injuries and death among older adults. Eliminate items in your home that are easy to trip over, like throw rugs and stray power cords. Insert grab bars in your bathtub or shower and install night lights so it’s easier to see at night.

Exercises such as walking or working out with an elastic band can increase your strength, improve balance and flexibility and help you avoid falls. Selecting appropriate footwear can also help to prevent falls. For an all-around shoe, consider walking shoes, which provide good traction and support but do not have heavy soles or rubber over the toes which can catch on carpet.

Looking To Move This Year?

If you’re a senior looking to make a bigger change this year by downsizing or relocating, we hope you will consider The Classic at Hillcrest Greens.

Although the thought of moving can result in a plethora of ambiguous feelings, many of our residents say they wish they had made the move sooner, especially after experiencing all of the services and activities our community offers.

Contact us to schedule a tour and experience The Classic for yourself.

A 2019 To-Do List

A 2019 To-Do List

Family caregivers, which most of us are likely to become at some point in our lives, have a unique and demanding role and are likely to have their own special set of plans for the new year.

You might have already resolved to lose weight, eat more healthily, or spend more time with family and friends, but have made any resolutions to help you in your role as a caregiver? Listed below are some suggestions that may get you thinking about areas of improvement you can address during 2019.

  1. Use New Time Management Tools

A common frustration among caregivers (especially Sandwich Generation caregivers) is that there are not enough hours in the day to do everything that needs to be done. Caregivers can try new technologies to help manage their caregiving role. For example, there is an app called CareZone (available for computers, tablets, and smartphones) that can help parents and family caregivers organize files, contacts, and medications, and coordinate with family and other caregivers. You can use this app to keep track of various concerns for your parents like phone numbers, email addresses, medical appointments, medication lists, as well as a general “to-do” list. App technology allows you to keep all this information synced on all your devices.

  1. Plan with Your Parents

It can be difficult for families and seniors to have discussions about plans for long-term care or end-of-life care. Many people avoid these conversations because the topic can be awkward and emotionally wrenching. But these talks can’t be avoided forever, as aging and mortality cannot be escaped through denial. Make it a goal to overcome the awkwardness and start these tough conversations with your aging parents. For advice about how to start this conversation, and what questions to ask, read our post…10 Essential Questions to Ask Your Aging Parents.

  1. Get Your Loved One’s Documents in Order

Use 2019 as an opportunity to get your parent’s must-have documents (e.g. marriage certificates, living wills, military records, etc.) in order. You never know when they’ll be needed, but you almost certainly will need them at some point. Procrastination will only make it worse, whereas you’ll find a calming peace of mind knowing that you have essential documents in order.

  1. Educate Yourself about Long-Term Care Costs

Many Americans fail to plan for, or underestimate, the cost of long-term care for themselves and their loved ones. Often times this failure is due to simple mistakes and misconceptions. Take time to educate yourself about the costs associated with long-term care and learn which insurance covers what care so that you aren’t stuck having to sort it out during an emergency. For example, it should be understood that Medicare is not long-term care insurance and won’t help cover the costs of long-term placement at an assisted living community or nursing home. Remember, as you plan, that the cost of care today is not the cost of care 10 years from now as long-term care costs are growing well above the rate of inflation. If you’re unsure whether your family is financially prepared for an older loved one’s long-term care needs, consider speaking with a professional financial planner.

  1. Help Your Parent Eat Well

According to the American Academy of Family Physicians, millions of Americans are diagnosed with malnutrition each year. Seniors who are having difficulty cooking or shopping, or who have bad eating habits, are especially at risk. Learn about the unique nutritional needs of seniors and ways you can help your older loved one eat well and…enjoy it. This is another area where technology might be able to give you a leg up. If your loved one has a smartphone or iPad, put the free app, MyNetDiary on the device. Or if you are in charge of your parent’s diet, put it on your own device. It allows you to track all aspects of your or your loved one’s diet. MyNetDiary also has special versions designed specifically to help people with diabetes or heart disease eat appropriately.

  1. Visit a Senior Living Community for a Lunch or Activity

Even if you’re not sure a move is on the horizon or if your loved one has no intentions to move, take some time to visit a senior living community with your parent(s). Try to make it a relaxing visit to get you and your loved one’s “toes wet.” These visits can be genuinely pleasant if you make a point of going to see an interesting event or for a meal. Also, if your parent does eventually move to a community, you will see these preliminary visits that you made months or even years in advance of any particular need, helped to make your loved one more comfortable and at home when a need did finally arise.

  1. Get to Know Your Parent Better

Indulge your parents’ sense of nostalgia and listen to them tell some weird or wonderful stories about themselves and the history of your family. Even when we’re very close to a loved one, there’s always room to know them better. Think about recording your parent, or using other means to preserve memories of your loved one for future generations. Don’t let Alzheimer’s or dementia keep you from spending quality time with your loved one. Memory loss often jams communication, but this roadblock can often be worked around by learning how to talk with a loved one who has dementia.

 

10 Essential Questions to Ask Your Aging Parents

10 Essential Questions to Ask Your Aging Parents

Whether an unexpected illness leads to hospitalization or a fall requires rehabilitation at a nursing home or rehab center, it’s vital that your parents have their essential legal documents in order so that you have a good picture of their state of affairs.

Are you prepared to handle difficult decisions on behalf of your aging parent? Do you know what legal planning you should have in place? You can’t predict when something might happen to your aging parent, so preparation will help in making legal and medical decisions for your loved one. Listed below are 10 questions to ask your senior parent to make sure your family is prepared for the unexpected.

  1. Do You Have a Durable Power of Attorney?

A Durable Power of Attorney designates who will take care of our affairs if you are unable to decide for yourself in the case of mental or physical incapacitation. Seniors (or any adult for that matter) can designate one person to handle health decisions (the health care proxy) and another for financial decisions (the financial proxy) or they can designate one person for both roles.

  1. What Are Your End-of-Life Wishes?

A living will, also known as an advanced health care directive, is used to indicate choices about end-of-life care. For instance, would you want a ventilator and feeding tube used to keep you alive even in an irreversible coma? Do you want CPR initiated if your heart stops, even if you are terminally ill? Make sure your health care proxy is aware of your parent(s) decisions.

  1. Do You Have a Will or Living Trust?

Wills and living trusts are the legal methods used to designate what happens to your possessions and money after you pass. A will simply specifies, in writing, who gets what and how much. A living trust is an alternative to a will. A senior who prefers a trust, puts their assets in the trust and names a person to take charge in case of death or if they become incapacitated.

  1. Do You Have Long-Term Care Insurance or Another Plan in Case Long-Term Care is Required?

In Wisconsin, the average monthly cost to reside in assisted living is currently just under $4,000.00/month or approximately $47,000.00/year. This monthly expense can decimate a senior’s nest egg rapidly, so it’s important to know if your parent has insurance to offset these costs, or some other plan in place should long-term care needs arise. If your parent does have long-term care insurance, read the policy to make sure you understand it. Call the insurer if you have questions about what is and what is not covered.

  1. Have You Made Sure That These Documents Are Current?

All of the documents we’ve mentioned need to be up-to-date and current for them to work properly. Encourage your parent to revisit estate planning and care planning measures each year.

  1. Where Can I Find These Documents If I Ever Need Them?

It doesn’t do any good for your parent to have these documents in order if they can’t be found in an emergency. Make sure you know where they are and how to get to them. For example, if they’re in a safe deposit box, see to it that a trusted family member has a key and permission to access the box. If they’re in a fire safe, someone besides the parent should have the combination.

  1. Is Someone Advising You on Financial Matters?

Older parents are often fiercely independent regarding their finances, which is understandable. Even so, it’s important to know who is advising your parents regarding financial decisions. This knowledge will not only allow you to reach the advisor in case of an emergency, but also gives you a chance to make sure your parent is working with someone who is reputable.

  1. If You Can No Longer Take Care of Yourself, Have You Thought About Where You’d Prefer Living?

Start the discussion about long-term care options before a crisis hits. Get your parent involved early, and look at options before the need arises. This gives your parent an opportunity to provide input about preferences and to get involved in the process rather than having to passively accept arrangements hastily made at the last minute by well-meaning but uninformed loved ones.

  1. Do You Visit the Doctor Regularly?

Your parent may be seeing several specialists in addition to a primary care physician. If your parent become hospitalized, information from one of these doctors could be critical. If possible, ask your parent to provide you with a list of physicians see regularly and how to contact them. On the other hand, some seniors may have the opposite issue. Their idea of a doctor’s visit may be a weekly session in front of the TV with Dr. House. This question can also help prompt a meaningful discussion about your parent’s general health and well-being.

  1. Do You Feel Like You Understand Why You’re Taking the Medicines You’ve Been Prescribed?

Many seniors end up on a dozen medicines or more. This question can help you gauge whether your parent is able to manage his or her medications independently, and also may provide a clearer overall picture of their medical status. Just as it’s important to know who your parent’s physicians are in case of an emergency, it’s also important to know what medicines your parent takes. Being able to provide this information to hospital staff in case of a medical crisis can be vital to effective treatment.

Don’t Make Decisions in Crisis Mode: Have a Game Plan When Moving to Senior Living

Don’t Make Decisions in Crisis Mode:  Have a Game Plan When Moving to Senior Living

People in the U.S. can pretty much out-plan anyone when we set our minds to it. You may have heard by now that NASA plans to have an expedition on the planet Mars in about 15 years. Preparations are well underway with meticulous consideration being made for food, fuel, and mental stimulation. Everything is being planned in phenomenal detail for the 140-million-mile journey into outer space.

Individuals or families don’t begin to rival the enthusiasm of rocket scientists, however, when it comes to their planning for the future. Sadly, only one in three people have funds set aside for retirement. More than half don’t have a will. Needless to say, few people even give serious thought to their future housing needs long before it’s time to make that important decision.

This lack of planning is a critical error and is something that would likely doom a space mission before it ever took off from earth. When people don’t plan for senior living, decisions can get made in a hurry, usually only after one’s physical or mental health takes a turn for the worse. Families then tend to go into crisis mode and make choices without adequate forethought or insight.

 

Prepare Ahead of Time

Rather than seeming like a chore to tame, early planning gives a family a stress-free opportunity to make decisions around an adult’s living situation. Adult children get a chance to learn about mom or dad’s lifestyle, interests, passions, and concerns. The older adult in turn, get to explore options thoughtfully, without the pressure of a discharge deadline or some other artificial timeline hanging over their heads.

This planning phase can be a moment of enrichment for all involved, as well as a golden opportunity to organize and prioritize — all with an eye toward setting up a loved one for the best possible housing experience going forward. Not all senior living options are the same. There is a broad and varied market with the possibility of meeting a wide array of personal needs. It goes without saying, that finding the right fit takes care and forethought.

Older adults and their families will want to consider a range of factors when planning in advance for senior housing alternatives. The following information includes some of the biggest priorities that will take some time and planning.

 

What Can You Afford?

Finances are typically the main or at the very least a primary consideration. As with any housing option, the conversation may well begin with the question: How much can I afford? This will be a calculation encompassing retirement savings, the possible sale of a home, as well as other sources of income. Online calculators and other services, including the skills of a CPA or other financial professional, can help a family get a handle on their numbers.

The flip side of that coin: How much does it cost? It pays to do one’s homework here, as the cost of senior housing is a widely variable factor. Different types of housing — independent living, assisted living, memory care, nursing home — have different financial models. Costs may vary even among similar-seeming communities. Staying at home and receiving in-home care isn’t necessarily less expensive either. It pays to do research while you are planning ahead.

 

Type of Community

The style or type of community is always a major consideration. A vibrant, engaged community like The Classic at Hillcrest Greens — one where residents have ample opportunities to express themselves, discover new interests, and engage with others, is ideal. Not all senior housing options are cast in this mold.

A little research will uncover a big difference between assisted living and nursing homes, for example. Assisted living residents generally enjoy a far higher level of autonomy. They can engage in not only the basic functions of daily living but also participate in a wide range of other activities. It’s important to note that not all assisted living communities are the same and as the trend continues to move more individuals towards this type of residential setting, early planning is essential. Many communities continue to have full occupancy, so don’t be surprised if you are told that you need to be placed on a waiting list.

 

Location, Location, Location

You must consider location as well and just as mentioned above, early planning is once again key. If parents are going to relocate to be closer to their children, a head start helps make that complex transition go smoothly. Older adults also may want housing close to a particular medical provider or near towns or sites of particular personal interest. Either way, if a move is in the cards, early planning helps make the adjustment easier because you can ensure a location will be available near you.

 

Making a Rushed Decision

Those who wait to consider even discussing the topic of moving, or putting matters off until “something” happens, often find themselves in an uncomfortable situation.  When families wait until a crisis arises to make their senior housing choices, emotions can get in the way and it can be difficult to make the right choice.

A hurried decision can lead to financial mistakes. Older adults find their choices constrained by the lack of advance planning, especially if they are unaware of the costs associated with housing. Those who don’t know the financial side typically have difficulty allocating their resources appropriately. Putting off the “money conversation” as uncomfortable or inconvenient as it may seem, inevitably leads to fewer options down the road.

Likewise, those who don’t think through the different housing types may find themselves unprepared to address the complex senior living landscape. As a result, a rushed choice may land mom and/or dad in a community that simply doesn’t fit — a place that doesn’t respond to their lifestyle needs, personality, or intentions. Forethought helps ensure a fit between the individual and the place they will be calling home. As in most major life decisions, a hurried choice typically yields lukewarm results at best.

 

Planning Early is Crucial

Finances, housing type, and location. These three key considerations significantly help inform the choice of senior housing. The sooner you and your loved ones begin exploring the options, the better. Those who fail to act and end up making a decision based on emotion rather coordinated research, often regret not having acted sooner. Early planning is more than just smart. It’s essential for those who wish to take what some find to be a daunting task and turn it into a process of joyful exploration and an enriching experience for all involved.

Celebrating the Holidays in Assisted Living

Celebrating the Holidays in Assisted Living

Celebrating the Holidays with Seniors Residing in Assisted Living or Memory Care

Holidays in assisted living & memory care communities can still be fun, festive, and meaningful even if it means embracing new traditions. The holidays are about spending quality time with people you care about. Older adults in assisted living will feel loved and included when you find ways to bring the holiday spirit to them. Remind yourself that what’s most important is celebrating together in a way that works for the current situation.

To help you find ways to celebrate, we’ve outlined answers to three typical questions that can arise.

  • Should I bring mom home to celebrate with the rest of the family?

If mom doesn’t have dementia and you can handle her physical needs and transportation, going to the family home would be a great way to celebrate the holidays. Before deciding, talk with her to see how she feels about it. She may be concerned about getting too tired or needing help with personal care. Reassure her by explaining how her needs can be met. If she’s feeling shy or afraid that she’ll be a burden during a fun time, remind her of how much the family is looking forward to seeing her.

If your mom does have Alzheimer’s, dementia, or other cognitive impairments, it may be disorienting to take her out of a familiar environment. Staff members who know her well may help you decide what would work best. Some people with dementia enjoy festive events, but others are easily rattled by changes in routine, loud noises, or crowds. If your mom is likely to get agitated, it might be better to have a quiet mini-celebration in her room or just have a regular visit.

  • My dad has dementia. This year, he doesn’t even seem to know that it’s the holidays. Will he even know or care if we celebrate with him?

Even if your dad doesn’t seem engaged with the world, he’ll still enjoy spending time with you and family. You may or may not want to take him out of assisted living, depending on how well he usually does with outings. If he typically enjoys going out, then it may be a good idea. If not, turn the visit into a festive occasion if that’s likely to bring him joy.

It’s a perfect time to reminisce over old photos, sing along or listen to holiday music, or admire cheerful decorations. Unless he becomes agitated or upset by activities or change in routine, seeing you in the holiday spirit will likely brighten his day.

  • What activities can I do to celebrate the holidays with someone in memory care?

If your loved one has dementia, a low-key approach to the holidays may work better. Overstimulating holiday activities or busy decorations could be confusing or cause agitation. Start with a few simple decorations and smaller groups of visitors and see how things go. You can always add more or take some away, depending on the reaction.

For seniors with cognitive impairment, find creative ways to help them take part in family celebrations. Reassure your older adult that they won’t be forgotten or abandoned by telling them when you’ll celebrate with them.

Try these festive activity suggestions:

  • Decorate their apartment/room together. Get a mini tree, use garland to make a tree-shaped outline on the wall and tape ornaments onto it. Put a few decorative items around the room, or hang a wreath on the door
  • Help them think of and purchase gifts for kids and grandkids and wrap them together.
  • Arrange a family visit and open presents together it’s more fun when the whole group has presents to open
  • For family members living far away, arrange video chats so they can virtual visitors
  • Accompany them to a holiday event or meal hosted by the community at which they reside
  • Sing along with or listen to holiday songs together
  • Watch a holiday-themed movie
  • Work on a holiday-themed puzzle or a fun coloring page

Holiday Visits with Seniors – Things to Look For

Holiday Visits with Seniors – Things to Look For

Long-Distance Caregivers: Things to Look for During Holiday Visits with Seniors

In a recent study conducted by the National Alliance of Caregiving in collaboration with AARP, 15 percent of the estimated 34 million Americans who provide care to older family members live an hour or more away from their care recipient. This means that a significant number of caregivers rely on regular telephone conversations and check-ins by other closer-living relatives to gauge an aging loved one’s well-being.

Unfortunately, age-related decline can happen quickly, and in many cases, seniors are skilled at concealing new and worsening problems. For many of these families, holiday visits are the only opportunity for them to observe their loved one in person, so it’s important to pay close attention to their physical and mental health and their living situation.

During this year’s holiday gatherings, be sure to look for the following warning signs that a loved one may need some extra help.

Weight Loss
One of the most obvious signs of ill health, either physical or mental, is weight loss. Possible causes could be cancer, dementia, or depression. Seniors may also experience reduced energy, which can make it challenging to shop for and prepare a nutritious meal as well as clean up afterwards. Furthermore, all this effort can seem especially unnecessary if they live and eat alone. Certain medications and aging in general can also change the way food tastes. If weight loss is evident, talk to your loved one about your concerns and schedule a doctor’s visit to address the issue.

Changes in Balance & Mobility
Pay close attention to the way your loved one moves and how they walk. A reluctance to walk, changes in gait or obvious pain during movement can be a sign of joint, muscle, or neurological problems. If your loved one is unsteady on their feet, they may be at risk of falling, which can cause severe injury or worse. If you notice changes in their mobility and coordination, make an appointment with their doctor to discuss options to keep them safe and mobile, such as pain management, physical therapy, and mobility aids.

Emotional Well-Being
Keep an eye out for changes in your loved one’s moods and behavior. You can’t always gauge someone’s emotional state over the telephone, even if you speak on a daily basis. Look for signs of anxiety, including withdrawal from social activities, changes in sleep patterns, loss of interest in hobbies, and changes in basic home maintenance and personal hygiene. The latter can be an indicator of dementia or other physical ailments like dehydration, which often happens to elders in the winter months and can be serious. If you notice sudden odd behavior in your loved one, such as confusion or agitation, be sure to seek medical attention. These are common symptoms of a urinary tract infection (UTI), which is prevalent in seniors and easily resolved with antibiotics.

Home Environment
Attention must also be paid to a senior’s surroundings. For instance, if your loved one has always been a stickler for neatness and paying bills promptly, but you discover excess clutter and piles of unopened mail while visiting, it indicates a problem. Take a walk-through of their home while you’re visiting to see if they are keeping their house to the usual standards. Be aware that sometimes the signs of trouble are a bit more subtle. Scorched cookware could indicate that your loved one forgets food on the stove or in the oven, and an overflowing clothes hamper could mean they don’t have the strength and/or desire to do laundry. Be sure to check the expiration dates on their prescriptions and over-the-counter medications. Also make sure they’re taking their medications as prescribed. You know your loved one and their habits best, so go with your gut if something seems off.

How to Handle Signs of Decline
While you may want to keep things light during the holiday season, do take this opportunity to address any red flags you observe. Collect any necessary information while you are in town to avoid any added frustration and confusion in the event of a crisis down the road.

The Initial Conversation
First, have a heart-to-heart conversation with your loved one about their present circumstances and any concerns you may have. Suggest making an appointment with their primary care physician for a complete health assessment. The results of this evaluation will help you both determine what the next possible steps are may be necessary to keep your loved one safe, happy, and healthy.

Identify Supportive Resources
If possible, visit your local Department of Aging office. In the Eau Claire area, this would be the Aging & Disability Resource Center (ADRC). Their office is located in the Eau Claire County Courthouse complex in Eau Claire. They are an excellent contact for information on resources and services available in the area. While it may be more difficult to arrange a face-to-face meeting with one of their Options Counselors during the holidays, it is still worth reaching out or leaving a message by phone at either: 715-839-4735 or 888-338-4636. You can also visit their website at: https://www.co.eau-claire.wi.us/departments/departments-a-k/aging-disability-resource-center to research the services they offer.

Sit down with your loved one to create a current list of people they interact with on a regular basis. This list should include friends, neighbors, and clergy who you trust to keep an eye on your loved one and you can contact in the event of an emergency. Double-check their addresses, telephone numbers, and email addresses, and…be sure to share your own contact information with them.

Prepare a To-Do List
Now is the time to begin compiling a To-Do List that can be implemented over a period of future visits. There are three categories to this list: medical, financial, and legal.

Medical: You’ll want to develop a complete medical record for your loved one, including their health conditions, prescriptions, and their doctors’ names and contact information. This is extremely helpful for you to have on file, and your loved one can keep a condensed copy on hand for both routine appointments and medical emergencies. Have you arranged to have a health care Power of Attorney (POA)? Information regarding this document as it pertains to Wisconsin residents can be found at: https://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/forms/advdirectives/f00085.pdf.

Financial: A financial list should contain all of a loved one’s property ownership, debts, income, expenses, and bank account and credit card information. This list will help minimize confusion and ensure all their bills are paid on time.

Legal: The legal aspect of this To-Do List is possibly the most important. There are vital documents that must be obtained to ensure you can access your loved one’s medical information, make health and financial decisions in case they become incapacitated and administer their estate. If they have not already done so, it is crucial for your loved one to meet with an attorney to draw up medical and financial power of attorney (POA) documents and a will. You should have access these documents and other important information, such as their social security number, Medicare information, insurance policies, the deed to their home (if applicable), and their driver’s license (if he/she is still driving).

All of these preparations may seem excessive, but it is better to be over-prepared then caught off guard when a loved one’s care needs suddenly increase. Throughout this process, remember to empower them to control their own life as much as possible. You may receive some resistance, but remind your loved one that sharing this information and pursuing supportive resources will enable them to remain independent and safe in their own home and give you added peace of mind as you return home from your holiday visit.

The Holiday Season: A Great Opportunity to Make Important Decisions for Your Elderly Parents

For many families, the upcoming holiday season is a time for coming together and a time for reflection. For adult children, these aspects of the season can often make for some tough situations. We may realize upon seeing our parents after a long absence that their health is not what it used to be. Realizing you need to come up with a strategy for caring for elderly parents is never an easy feat, but it is the first important step in facing a reality that nearly all of us will encounter as we ourselves get older.

A Role Reversal

The role reversal that caring for aging parents imposes on us and our loved ones can be difficult. However, with the right outlook and the help of advice on caring for elderly parents, you can make the necessary adjustments a little bit easier on you and your family.

When you’re first encountering this role reversal it can be, above all, strange for the parties on both sides. Some parents, having cared in different ways for you your whole life, may put up some resistance to this time of change. With this in mind, when your family is discussing caring for elderly parents, the most important thing might be to approach all conversations and conflicts with a heavy dose of patience. Every family is different, and the amount of difficulty involved in stepping up your role in caring for aging parents can vary widely. You should consider the situation for what it is…a process, not a single moment. With patience and perseverance, you can find the best solution for taking care of your parents based on their individual needs.

Where To Start

Every process of course has a starting point. And when it comes to caring for aging parents, this process needs to start with a realistic, group conversation that involves your family members and seeks input from both children and parents. Another source of tension in caring for elderly parents can be the process of sorting out the roles of different siblings. While it may be stressful, it is important to involve everyone. In the end, the degree of commitment in caring for aging parents may vary from sibling to sibling. However, without involving them in the conversation, you will never know how they feel about the situation. As hard as it may be to discuss certain things, using this time of year when your family may all get together in one place can be much easier than when you have all gone back to your busy lives.

Ask The Experts

Your family does not have to make this decision on its own, of course. Consider connecting with experts in your community and seek out their advice. Talk to your parent’s physician, staff at a local senior living community, an elder care attorney, as well as friends who have been in this situation before. Take in all this advice that you can about possible care options, so that you can be sure your family arrives at the right, well-informed decision for your parent(s).

You Can Do This!

By beginning with a level-headed conversation during this season, you can start down the road towards caring for your elderly parents to the best of your ability. Based on your parents’ individual health, consider their options for senior living and care including all willing parties that you can this holiday season. With the right, patient approach, you can help ensure the best outcome for all involved.

Why You Should Visit a Senior Living Community During the Holidays

The holidays are traditionally a time of year when families get together to celebrate. In many cases, when loved ones are disbursed across the country, this is often the first time all year when the family is reunited. For adult children returning home to visit a senior loved one, the changes they see in their family member’s appearance can sometimes be shocking. They may be unprepared for how much an aging parent has been struggling.

Even when families talk on the phone several times a week, an aging parent may be unwilling to open up about the problems they are experiencing. It’s not unusual for us to talk with panicked families throughout the holiday season who are in a frantic search to find a senior living community while they are home. Even at that, many families are reluctant to discuss the issue or bring their loved one(s) by for a visit during the holidays.

Surprisingly, the holidays can be an ideal time to visit a senior living community like The Classic. From the festive décor, the jam-packed schedule of events, the holiday season in a senior living community is very lively!

Why Visit The Classic During the Holidays?

While adult children may feel like the holidays are a terrible time of the year to talk about moving to a senior living community, the opposite might actually be true.

Below are a few reasons you should consider touring The Classic when you visit your senior loved one this holiday season.

Family Input: Because families are often together during the holidays, it can be an ideal time to discuss senior care options and to visit communities together.

Enjoy the Festivities: The Classic is especially lively and festive during the holidays. Youth groups visit to entertain, school choirs perform, and the halls are decked! The whole spirit of our community can be very appealing to a senior who may be feeling isolated living alone at home.

Beat the Rush: January is often a very popular month for families to visit and tour senior living communities. You can beat the rush by exploring your options and… if The Classic is deemed as your loved one’s destination, getting your deposit in and getting on our wait list will guarantee that you will get a call from us sooner when a unit becomes available.

How to Have “The Talk” With Your Aging Loved One

Wondering how to start the conversation with an aging parent about a sensitive topic? Whether you need to talk about moving to a senior living community, giving up driving, or bringing in help, knowing which words to use and to avoid can improve the odds of moving towards a solution.

A good place to start is to first realize there are typically two fundamental personality types of parents:

  • those with whom you have a relationship in which you can be very straightforward and they welcome your ideas and feedback and,
  • those who tend to be more self-conscious or private and don’t welcome these kinds of discussions and may even find it somewhat insulting.

You should also be fully aware that even if in the past, your parent was sharing and receptive, this can change due to aging-related issues like depression, creeping dementia, lowered self-esteem, or other frustrations. On the other hand, a close-lipped parent may be relieved to talk because he or she is worried as well.

What to say about sensitive subjects can also be tricky because both parties typically have different goals. Adult children want to solve the problem and move on. Their parents, however, want foremost to maintain a sense of control and dignity in a time of their life that can be marked by many losses. Your goal in how to have “the talk”: Balance both sides’ needs by moving forward slowly and with care.

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Do Some Homework

Before you say a word, take some time to collect information and research possible solutions. Ultimately, the goal is to problem-solve together through a dialogue with your parent rather than trying to dictate the solution or attempt to convince through arguments. If you gather facts first, you’ll be able to help in a way that’s better informed and less stressful for everyone.

Health Issues

Observe what specific kinds of limitations you’re seeing. Trouble climbing stairs? Cooking? Managing finances? Grooming? Thinking in terms of specifics helps you to figure out the best solutions, as well as accurately describe any concerns to any outside resources and to your parent.

Driving

Make it a point to personally observe your parent drive while looking for potential signs of unsafe driving. Research alternate transportation services in your parent’s area or explore other ways he or she might get around without a personal auto.

In-Home Care

Closely observes what activities your parent are having trouble with. Look around the house for concrete signs that he or she may not be doing well living independently. Start to research sources of in-home care help and associated costs.

Moving/Senior Living Communities

Check out a few places on your own so you have concrete examples to talk about. If you live a long distance away, read reviews about various options and if possible, make an appointment to tour them when you’re there. Don’t think of it as being “sneaky,” as it can actually be less anxiety-provoking for your parent if you present them with options you’ve already checked out. And…you can also make them feel empowered by going through the whole list of choices together if he or she prefers.

Test the Waters

Before you start the conversation, take time to get a sense of whether your parent is open to it. You can do this by first introducing an unthreatening related topic. This can be done by phone before a visit, or if you see your parent often, in a separate visit. This isn’t yet the time for hot-button topics, criticism, or anything contentious. Keep things positive and generalized. Does he or she respond openly? Defensively? Evasively? This will give you the important insight into how to proceed.

Say something like:

  • “How’s the house? It must be hard to keep this place in good shape.”
  • “How’s your health? What’s the doctor saying these days?”
  • “How’s the car? Still driving to where you need to go?”

If your parent sounds interested, say something like:

  • “Is there some way I can be helpful?”
  • “Yes, I can see why that would bother you. Let’s talk about it more when I see you.”

Even if in a “test-the-waters” chat, your parent sounds receptive to discussing a tough issue, it’s usually best not to plunge in yet. In this first talk, you should be looking to simply float the issue, not problem-solve. You want to show in a respectful way that you can be a helpful, non-judgmental resource.

If he or she asks you, “What should I do?” say something like:

  • “I’ll be there soon. Let’s work on it together then.”
  • “What are your thoughts? Give me some time to think about that too.”

What not to say:

  • “Yep, that’s a problem. I’m going to do X and Y to take care of that for you.”
  • “Sounds to me like it’s finally time to move to an assisted living place.”
  • “You sound confused. I’m going to call your doctor.”

Choose the Best Messenger

What if your parent resists any talk about his or her future? Pause to consider whether this conversation is best had by another person. A neutral third-party such as a doctor, family friend, clergy can perhaps be better suited to bring up tricky topics like driving or whether to continue living independently. These people can lay the same groundwork, explaining what seems to be wrong and suggesting options for fixing it, without risking a strained relationship in the way an adult child does when a parent is especially resistant or feels manipulated.

Set the Right Tone So you’ve done some homework and have a sense of how ready (or indifferent) your parent is. How do you take the plunge? Plan to start the conversation on a different day from your test-the-waters chat. This conversation should be done in person if at all possible as it feels less threatening or overbearing, and more natural. Make sure you are not critical the minute you walk in the door. Focus on connecting and having fun while also using some time to observe. While you may be on a mission to resolve the problem, you’ll have a more ready audience if you first take the time to enjoy one another’s company before diving in.

Try opening with compliments by saying something like:

  • “I like how you’ve…”
  • “Wow, looks like…”

Look for an Opening The best time to segue into a serious conversation is when your parent brings it up first and asks for your help. If that fails to occur, look for an opportunity when everyone is relaxed. Then take the plunge and describe what you’re seeing.

If a direct approach feels welcome, say something like:

  • “I see the steps are a problem for you and you almost fell this morning. Is that happening a lot?”
  • “It looks like you’re having trouble getting off the couch, and you seem a little lonely and mixed up when you’re tired. You know they say that people do a lot better where there’s a lot of activity going on, and things to enjoy.”
  • “Mom said you got another ticket, and I noticed the rear fender of the car is dented again. What do you think is going on?”

If an indirect approach seems like a better strategy, say something like:

  • “I read about this man in the paper who lost control of his car and killed some kids on the sidewalk. He was about your age. It made me think we should consider what’s in your best interests with the car now.”
  • “Lauren’s parents just sold their house on Elm Street and moved to a retirement community. You should have heard her mom rave about not having to do any more yard work.”
  • “Remember Jack, my friend who became a doctor? He told me that his whole family has living wills and I’m thinking we should all do that too.”

What not to say:

  • “The house was a mess last time I was there. You need a housekeeper!”
  • “Mom…dad looks awful! We need to go to the doctor when I get there, because you obviously are having trouble looking after him.”
  • “When are you going to give up driving? I heard you had another accident.”

Listen and Follow Your Parent’s Cues

Use reflexive listening an effective communication technique for difficult conversations. Rephrase what your parent says, as a way of playing back that you understand making your parent feel supported and then move the conversation forward.

Say something like:

  • “I hear you saying… but it’s also worth thinking about this…”
  • “Yes, I agree that… on the other hand…”
  • “I know you’re really worried about… Me, too but if X doesn’t happen…”
  • “That sounds upsetting for you… Have you thought about…?”

Realize that some older adults can’t articulate the real issue. They may shy from change, perhaps because they fear what it would be like or they lack the energy to deal with it. Often they avoid making a change not because of their own preferences but because they worry about upsetting someone else.

If she’s anxious, say something like:

  • “You’re right that moving is big hassle. But we’ll help you sort and pack and you won’t have to do much. We’ll set up your new bedroom to look just like this one.”
  • “I know we’ve always spent the holidays in this house, but we’d love to have Thanksgiving at our house this year. You can make your special pies there without having to worry about all the getting ready or cleaning up.”
  • “You may call them ugly old grab bars, and that’s what they used to be. But I was reading how universal design is really trendy, attractive home design right now.”

Find ways to be reassuring. Talk up the positives or stress how the solution is good for everyone.

If she’s resistant, say something like:

  • “Bob says he’ll pick you up for Breakfast Club every morning so you won’t have to miss it, and I’ll get your groceries.”
  • “Let’s make a list of pros and cons.”

To help with resistance, focus on the solution. Or, look for the underlying cause. Some people push back for a specific unmentioned reason, which may be emotional, physical, or cognitive. Maybe Dad doesn’t want to talk about moving because he thinks he can’t afford it. Maybe Mom lacks the cognitive ability to realize she can’t live alone. If the person is very resistant, the most successful person to have the conversation is not usually the adult child. A family friend or physician may have better luck.

If she’s interested or agreeable, say something like:

  • “What would it mean to you if you stopped driving/had someone to cook meals/moved?”
  • “What would be the most difficult thing about….?”
  • “Let’s make a list of what you can do about this.”
  • “Let’s think through the pros and cons of each situation.”
  • “Why don’t you try doing X for a couple of months and see how it works for you?”

The goal is to encourage more input and to keep the discussion positive and collaborative. If you want a parent to consider an assisted living option, one methodology is to casually drive by the best place you’ve identified through prior research and suggest dropping in together to have a look. Better yet, if you have a logical excuse, such as visiting a friend’s parent, stopping to see a “friend” who works there, or…participating in an activity or meal you’ve prearranged. Make sure it’s a place you’ve prescreened so that you’re fairly certain your parent will find things to like. Even if there is not much choice, lay out the options along with their pros and cons, strategize solutions to the biggest problems, and let your parent draw his or her own conclusion (assuming dementia is not an issue).

Let It Percolate Awhile

Whatever you do, don’t launch an aggressive “sell” on your favorite option the minute you get back home or the next time you talk. And don’t push for making a decision right away. Try not to even hint or nag at first.

What Not To Say:

  • “I hope you’ve been thinking about our idea of bringing in some help.”
  • “So…about selling your car have you done anything about that yet?”
  • “Wasn’t that place we saw nice? We need to get you out of here!”

Be Ready to Continue the Conversation at Any Time If your parent mentions the conversation at all, use this as a wedge to revisit the matter in a supportive way.

If he or she offers something positive, say something like:

  • “Yes, I could see you being happy there. What do you think it would be like to live there? Let’s think about what we’d have to do to make that happen I can help.”

If he or she expresses a concern:

Take this as a positive sign that he or she is at least aware of the issue and thinking about it. Go over the facts as well as the solutions again in a nonthreatening way.

If he or she says something negative: Don’t fall into the trap of an argument. Be patient and try to get at the underlying concern. Is it fear of running out of money? Is it a feeling that admitting help is necessary is also admitting failure of some kind? Look for ways to address and support the concern. As an example, maybe you give a weekly cleaning service as a Mother’s Day gift, “because I don’t know what else to get you and you deserve to be treated like a queen.”

Test the Waters (Again)

After some time passes, if your loved one doesn’t give you an opening, you can try bringing up the issue again in a test-the-waters way.

Say something like:

  • “How’s the car?”
  • “What did the doctor say?”

Know When to Bring In Help

Total resistance means it’s time for a third party (not the adult child) to try. This conversation may need to be more direct. It may have include a discussion of the risks and the possibility that if they don’t voluntarily give something up, for instance, their driver’s license or residence, there is a risk that others will take over because of the dangers involved and that they may have less say in what comes next. They can be told it’s better to work on it voluntarily with someone who loves them and only wants to help them get what they need. If the issue is critical and the person still won’t make a safe choice, it may be time to get a family doctor and lawyer involved to evaluate competency and, if appropriate, activate a Power of Attorney (POA) or appoint a guardian who can make safe choices on the person’s behalf.

Make It Clear You’re Comfortable With Any Decision

If your parent is of sound mind but just making decisions that you disagree with (not endangering ones), all you can do is continue the conversation in a positive way. Any choices are ultimately his or hers. You may not like the choice, or you may end up needing to revisit the matter at a later date. What you can do is remain upbeat and supportive, even if you’re frustrated or worried. This keeps a welcome sounding board as your parent moves, however slowly, toward resolution. Remember that transitions involve an ongoing dialogue. Difficult as that first conversation about a sensitive topic is, it’s only the first of many you’re like to have as you strategize your way towards a solution that everyone can feel better about.